Brain Tumors

  • Neuro Spinal Hospital offers expert medical intervention for all patients suffering from cerebral/ brain tumors, benign or malignant,
  • A brain tumor is defined as an abnormal growth of cells located in or near the brain.
  • Brain tumors may be cancerous or noncancerous (benign).
  • Some brain tumors are metastatic cancer, that is, they are secondary to cancer in some other part of the body.

Types of Brain Tumors :( Not all brain tumors occur in the brain itself)

  • A Meningioma:
  • Is a type of brain tumor which starts in the meninges, which are thin layers of tissue located between the skull and the brain.
  • Often slow-growing tumors and are not usually cancerous.
  • They are typically diagnosed once they have grown large enough to cause neurological symptoms.
  • Gliomas:
  • Are brain tumors that develop in the glial cells of the brain.
  • The central nervous system (CNS) consists of neurons (nerve cells) and glial cells.
  • Glial cells have many important functions, including supplying the neurons with nutrients and oxygen and making myelin, the fatty substance that insulates and protects nerve cells.
  • There are two main types of Glioma:
    • Astrocytoma:
      • Occurs in the astrocytes,
      • It is a star-shaped type of glial cell.
    • Graded on a four-point scale:
      • Grade I tumors are the least  dangerous
      • Grade IV the most dangerous.
      • Astrocytomas may be cancerous or benign.
    • Oligo-dendroglioma:
      • Is a fairly uncommon type of brain tumor and occurs in the oligodendral glial cells. Graded as simply “high grade” or “low grade.”
      • Ependymoma:
      • Is a tumor originating in the ependymal brain cells.
      • Ependymal cells line the ventricles of the brain.
      • Ependymoma is more common in children and adolescents than adults.
      • It is typically graded on a three-point scale with grade I the least and grade III the most dangerous.
      • Ependymoma may be cancerous or benign.

Other forms of brain tumors:

  • The brain also contains the pituitary and pineal glands.
  • Tumors may develop associated with these glands.
  • Cranial nerves in the brain may be affected by brain tumors.
  • The most common cranial nerve tumor is the acoustic neuroma, which may be associated with symptoms of ringing in the ears or hearing loss.
  • A rare form of brain tumor is the chondroma, which originates in bone cartilage.
    • Chondromas are usually benign, but as they grow they may put pressure on certain areas of the brain and be associated with symptoms such as headache or vision problems.
    • Chondromas may develop into chondrosarcomas, although this is rare.
    • A chondrosarcoma is a malignant tumor of the bone cartilage and occurs at the base of the skull.
  • Central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma:
    • Is a kind of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma of the brain.
    • It is common in patients with a compromised immune system, such as patients suffering from HIV or AIDS.
    • Secondary brain tumors are metastatic tumors.
    • Cancer in another part of the body may spread to the brain and create cancerous lesions
    • Such lesions often occur in the front portion of the brain (cerebrum).

Conclusion

  • The Neuro Spinal Hospital is dedicated to the rapid, accurate diagnosis of brain tumors and their treatment.
  • Using state-of-the-art technology, most brain tumors can be safely and effectively treated today
  • Not all brain tumors are cancerous, but all brain tumors are serious medical conditions that require expert medical intervention