2-Dark Green and Leafy Vegetables such as broccoli, spinach, kale and cabbage
These vegetables are rich in many nutrients, including:
Folate (vitamin B9) – essential for brain development and cellular metabolism. It also helps break down homocysteine, high levels of which are associated with an increased risk of Alzheimer’s disease.
Vitamin K – essential for sphingolipid metabolism which is important in brain structure and function.
Vitamins A, C and E – antioxidants which have been shown to help delay cognitive decline. Antioxidants protect the body against the build-up of free radicals. Free radicals play a role in the immune system, but if their level in the body becomes too high, this causes oxidative stress which can harm cells.
Dark green vegetables also contain Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), a form of Omega-3.